Monstera Plant Care Instructions
The Monstera Deliciosa plant is a tropical plant from the Araceae family. The Monstera is also referred to as Swiss Cheese. The name comes from the Latin meaning “abnormal” because of its odd-looking, perforated leaves. It's no wonder these plants are a popular pick, the Monstera can grow extensively and can live for a very long time with the right care!
Step 1: Pick the right planter pot
The most important thing with any plant is ensuring you properly pot your plant in the right size planter with the right soil mix. The Monstera plant is to be potted in a well-draining pot. If your planter pot does not have a hole at the bottom of it, build a drainage path using rocks. Approximately 1 to 2 inches establishes a good drainage path foundation. A drainage path ensures your Monstera's roots are not sitting in water. If a plant's roots are sitting in water, it can lead to root rot. The drainage path allows your plant's roots to dry out in between waterings.
The pot you choose should be tall enough to stabilize a stake firmly, which you will plant with your Monstera for security as it grows. Monstera's take a while to build their stem strength and even when they do, they may still need support.
Step 2: Buy the proper soil mixture
Plant your Monstera in top soil mixed with peat moss. A rich, nutrient dense soil is going to make your Monstera thrive. Standard top soil will have the rich nutrients your Monstera needs. Monsteras require moderately moist soil where it can absorb humidity and yet help it dry out, therefore ensure you mix in peat moss. The Monstera is a tropical plant and the peat moss will establish the ideal environment for your Monstera. Providing your plant with the right type of soil and nutrients will ensure your plant can grow!
Step 3: Fill planter pot and loosen Monstera roots
Begin filling your planter pot with your soil mixture up to a third of the way. You can place your stake firmly in the pot now or after you pot your Monstera. Depending on the stems requiring support, either or is fine. If putting stake in after potting, ensure you are careful not to damage the roots. Putting the stake in acts as a sense of direction for the Monstera to mimic growth. If you have a well developed Monstera, you may be using the stake for support instead of a new Monstera using the stake for growth direction. You can tie the stems to the support stake.
Remove your Monstera plant from the nursery planter by wiggling it out or using scissors to remove the nursery pot from your Monstera. Do this over the new pot to avoid a mess. Break up the soil from the Monstera's roots. It is important to break the Monstera out of it's old environment and adapt it's roots to the new one. This does seem cruel and can feel as though you are hurting the plant. However, shaking up the roots, removing old earth, allows the Monstera to adapt properly to it's new planter pot. Be as gentle as possible while removing the previous soil off the Monstera's roots. Be sure to remove as much old soil from roots as possible.
Step 4: Plant your Monstera plant
Place you Monstera in the planter pot so the soil line is approximately two to three inches below the edge of the pot. If your Monstera has multiple roots, you will need to plant and secure each one-by-one. Fill in around the base of your Monstera with the soil mixture above the previous soil line of your Monstera by one to half an inch. The Monstera will likely have some aerial roots. These are roots that are exposed above soil. You will notice in the video above that the Monstera leaves are growing off one another, these are aerial roots. It is okay to cover these with the soil mixture during the planting and potting process.
Step 5: Firmly pack soil and water
Firm up the potting mix around the Monstera and stake to secure them in place. Use your fingers to apply some pressure to each Monstera plant root, packing the soil in place enables the Monstera to stay in place. You can use plant ties or string to attach your Monstera to the stake or sticks until the leaf nodes are strong enough to hold themselves up. Now that your Monstera is perfectly potted and planted, give it a good drink of water. Wait a week or two and then resume it's watering schedule, including a monthly feeding with liquid fertilizer.
Add a scoop of rich top soil every year to your Monstera for nutrition.
- Planter pot
- Small rocks if no hole at bottom of planter
- Top soil
- Peat moss
- Support stake or sticks
Pet Friendly | No
The Monstera is a species of flowering plant native to tropical forests of southern Mexico, south to Panama. This plant can produce a flower that develops into an edible fruit in the right climate and environment. The Monstera will not likely flower indoors or outdoors, living in Canada. The Monstera is poisonous, do not eat the leaves and keep it out reach of your pet or children. All of our employees have Monsteras and pets and have never run into an issue, but it is always better to be safe than sorry. If you have pets and are interested in getting the Monstera, we would recommend just simply keeping your plant out of reach of your pet and children.
Plant Food | Watering
Water your Monstera moderately and evenly, approximately once weekly or bi-weekly, depending on your temperature levels and humidity environment. Wait until the soil is fairly dry before watering again. You can use your finger to poke the outside edges of your planter pot to check soil to determine whether your Monstera needs a watering and slowly can begin eyeballing the soil mix to determine this. If your Monstera is still damp, skip a couple days in it's watering cycle to allow it to dry out.
Standard liquid plant fertilizer can be applied about once a month during growing season in spring and summer. Keep leaves clean and dust-free by washing with a cloth dipped in a solution of a drop of dishwashing detergent mixed in a few cups of water. Though this not required, the plant also appreciates regular misting of its leaves.
Placement | Temperature, Sunlight and Space
Like most houseplants, the Monstera is a tropical plant. Your Monstera will do best in a temperature of 20 - 30 degrees celsius. If you do not know the temperature of your space, investing in a thermometer will be very beneficial as a new plant owner. It's important to know what plants will do best in your home or office's temperature.
Monstera's like high humid environments. Therefore keep them away from areas that often get a draft of cool air. Your Monstera enjoys indirect light. Find a place in your space where it will get some sunlight but is filtered through a light-weight curtain or in a place where light bounces off the wall. Indirect light, still means a substantial amount of light, but not in a place where the sun will beat down on it. Direct light can result in scorching your Monstera plant, causing brown spots. If you see brown spots on your Monstera, move it to a different location in your space. A fair amount of in-direct light is required for your Monstera, especially a young plant to develop and strengthen it's leaves.
Monstera's need a lot of space. Place your Monstera in a place in your home or office where it will have lots of room to grow. Do not put your Monstera in a space where the leaves may rest on a wall. The Monstera is a gorgeous plant, allow it to shine as a statement piece!
Plant Problem | Troubleshooting
If your Monstera leaves begin to turn yellow or brown, it means your Monstera is getting too much sun.
If your Monstera plant begins growing towards the shade, it may be exhibiting something called negative phototropism, where new leaves grow towards the dark, rather than the light. Using support or sticks can significantly help with the stabilization in growth of your Monstera plant. If your Monstera leaves are drooping, use a support stake to secure them. A support stake, in the middle of your pot, planting without damaging or piercing roots, will guide your Monstera's growth.